Scientist Emmanuel Charpentier and Jennifer A. Daudana won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2020. This scientist discovered a powerful tool of genetic technology CRISPR / CAS9 genetic scissors. Scientists can change the DNA of animals, plants, and microorganisms with extremely high precision. This scientist creates technology that has revolutionized biology.
New discovery of these genetic scissors was often unexpected as a science. Scientist Emmanuel Charpentier’s study of Streptococcus pyogenesis, one of the most harmful bacteria to humanity, found an unknown molecule, the tracker RNA. Her work showed that the tracker RNA. This RNA is the part of the ancient immune system of bacteria, CRISPR / CAS. This can clear the virus by clearing DNA.
Scientist Charpentier published her findings in 2011. That same year, she started a collaboration with Jennifer Daudna, an experienced biochemist with extensive knowledge of RNA. Together, they succeeded in recreating the bacterial genetic scissors in the test tube and simplifying the molecular components of the scissors so that they would be easier to use.
In the year of 2012, Charpentier and Daudna discovered CRISPR / Casge genetic scissors, increasing their use.