Indian Wildlife Conservation Act

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Wildlife is of paramount importance in Indian culture. Some of the laws of the day were important in terms of wildlife conservation. The Elephant Conservation Act, 1879 and the Animal Protection Act, 1912 contain the earliest laws enacted to protect wildlife. It was the first comprehensive law for the protection of wildlife in India. Forests were declared as protected or protected by the Indian Forests Act, 1927, and sanctuaries were also declared. Of course, the primary purpose behind these laws was to preserve wildlife for hunting. Also the Wildlife Conservation Act, 1887 ‘or’ Revised Wildlife
Applied to the Jim Corbett Sanctuary in 1935 and is currently ‘U.P. Under the National Parks Act, 1935, the extinction of previously abundant wildlife in post-independence India was underlined, necessitating legislation to protect and conserve wildlife at the national level.

Since the power to legislate on animals and birds rests with the state governments, the central government required the consent of two or more state governments to legislate on the subject. With the consent of 11 states, it became possible to pass the Central Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972 and a law for the entire country came into existence.

‘Indian for Wildlife Conservation
Acts of Penal Code, 1860, Code of Criminal Procedure, Customs Act, 1962, Forest Act of India, 1927, Forest Conservation Act, 1981, Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act, 1960, Biodiversity Act, 2002. Wildlife (protection) is complementary to the law.

Also, the 42nd Amendment to the Indian Constitution has had a positive impact on wildlife conservation and conservation.

Reference: E paper Loksatta 19/10/2020

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